This page is intended to help you understand property taxes in general, and the often confusing "mill" in particular. For specific questions regarding your property values or taxes, please contact your County Auditor or Tax Director. Contact information for all county officials can be found on our interactive map at www.ndaco.org/counties.
There are three “moving parts” involved in determining your property taxes:
We hope the following questions and answers will help you understand what these terms mean and how each one affects your property tax bill.
Question: What is a mill?
Answer: A “mill” is simply 1/1000th of anything:
Question: Why not just use percentages?
Answer: Actually, a mill IS a percentage. It is one tenth of 1 percent, or .1%.
Question: How much is a mill worth?
Answer: It depends...
As stated above, a mill is 1/1000th of something. On your property tax bill, that "something" is your TAXABLE VALUE. To answer the question, “How much is a mill worth?” you simply take 1/1000 (or .001) times your taxable value. Read on for how to do that.
THE VALUE OF A MILL IS 1/1000th OF YOUR TAXABLE VALUE
Taxable value is calculated by multiplying the “True and Full” value of your property times…
For example, a home that is worth $200,000.00 has a taxable value of $9,000.
$200,000 X 4.5% = $9,000
Remember, the value of one mill is 1/1000th of the taxable value, so in this example, one mill for this homeowner is $9.00.*
*You may hear county officials refer to the value of a mill in very large dollar amounts. What they are talking about is the total revenue brought into the county budget for each one mill assessed across all taxpayers in the county.
When you pay your property tax bill, you are actually paying taxes to several different TAXING ENTITIES or AUTHORITIES. These are your various forms of local government, including your county, city, township, school board, park board and any other entity that is authorized to levy property taxes.
The example below is not intended to be typical, but demonstrates the point in round figures:
|UND Medical School*
You probably wouldn’t want to get a separate tax bill from each of those entities, so you get one property tax bill from your county, and the county distributes your payment to each of the other entities. These different entities are governed by different elected officials. Not everyone in the county lives in the same city (or in a city at all), nor do they all live in the same school district or park district. North Dakotans value their right to elect their representatives to the school board, county commission, city commission, etc. Citizens with concerns about funding local services should contact these local officials.
County Officials often bear the brunt of criticism when property taxes rise. It is important to know the share of mills assessed by each of the taxing entities. Some may go up and others may go down, but it is the total sum of all that determines the final assessment on your property.
Looking at the table above, the homeowner in our example can see that his/her total tax bill is calculated as:
|Number of mIlls
|Value of each mill
WHY DO TAXES RISE AND/OR FALL?
Both the value of the mill AND the number of mills can affect your tax bill. If the county assesses the same number of mills this year as they did last year, but your home's value increases by 5%, your tax bill will rise by 5% as well. In the case of growing communities, the county may assess fewer mills, but if property values are rising rapidly, it may still cause a rise in the tax bills. Conversely, in counties that are losing population, property values may be dropping, so the county may need to assess more mills to keep up with budget demands.
*The UND Medical School receives one mill from every property tax payer. This is the only property tax assessed by the state.